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Anglo Irish Agreement 1938

The Eire (Confirmation of Agreements) Act 1938 [note 1] was an Act of the British Parliament passed on 17 May 1938. [1] This was the British implementing measure of the Anglo-Irish Agreements of 1938, signed in London on 25 April 1938 by the governments of Ireland and the United Kingdom. A total of three agreements were concluded: one repealing Articles 6 and 7 of the Anglo-Irish Treaty and the transfer of ownership of the British Admiralty to Ireland; a second for the settlement of unpaid claims on the Irish Government; and the third, an important trade deal that ends an “economic war” between the two countries. In accordance with earlier agreements, the law was passed by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, who addressed the four possible areas of discussion during a debate on the Eire Act of 5 May 1938 together: “The first was the question of division; the second, defence; third, funding; and the fourth, trade. The trade agreement, including the return of contract ports, came into force in the United Kingdom through the Eire (Confirmation of Agreements) Act 1938. As early as 1938, it was clear that the Taoiseach, Éamon de Valera, wanted to try to keep Ireland out of the coming war. He had been totally disillusioned by the League of Nations. Colonel Maurice Moore, a senator who joined Fianna Fáil, had spoken in the Senate about the immorality and illegality of rural rents and had written a pamphlet, British looting and Irish mistakes. In early 1928, he partnered with O`Donnell to create the Anti-Tribute League, one of the main objectives being to force Fianna Fáil to look into the matter. Many of their TDs and Council members came on board and took effective leadership of the campaign, while ceding their more open illegal aspects and the touch of Kordit that surrounds them and many of their activists. The campaign focused on borough councils and, by the end of 1928, the councils of Clare, Galway, Kerry and Leitrim had passed resolutions against payment, while Fianna Fáil árd fheis had opposed pensions.

De Valera`s party was now at the head of the opposition. Their position was based on simple moral and pragmatic financial arguments of Moore`s thesis, supported by the opinions of eight legal experts used to analyze the problem. The arguments were as follows. 1. The British lords had absolutely no moral rights in the land of Ireland. In Valera`s words, the countries covered by the pensions were “rewards that were given in the past to military adventurers from England. The British Government considered it desirable to turn these rewards into money and it was patently unfair to ask the citizens of the Irish Free State who had been deprived of the country to compensate those who had withdrawn it. 2.

The sums withheld would be of great benefit to the Irish economy and would finance measures such as agricultural decennance and land redistribution. . . .

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Posted: 09/11/2021

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