The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Ministry`s renegotiation in 2019. The amendments adapt about 5% of the text.  But Brexit Minister Steve Barclay said the bill would fulfill the “overwhelming mandate” given to his party in the general election to take the UK out of the EU on January 31. The new bill sets out rules for the functioning of the UK`s internal market – trade between England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland – after the end of the Brexit transition period in January. Alistair Carmichael, the Liberal Democrats` Brexit spokesman, said his party would continue to oppose the “dangerous” law. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially entitled “Withdrawal Agreement of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community”, was adopted on 24 The Treaty between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK) , signed on 1 January 2020, sets out the conditions for the United Kingdom`s exit from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the Withdrawal Agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. In the withdrawal agreement with the EU, Northern Ireland is still in the UK, but it must follow elements of the EU Customs Code. After an unprecedented vote, on 4 December 22, 2018, MPs decided that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it had refused to give Parliament the full legal advice it had received on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal conditions.
 The central point of the opinion concerned the legal effect of the Backstop Agreement on Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the customs border between the European Union and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday Agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, and in particular on the security of the United Kingdom, to be able to leave the EU in practice, in accordance with the draft proposals. The Democratic Unionist Party, which insisted that the withdrawal agreement be amended, said the law was a “step forward”, but that the government must ensure that Northern Ireland is not “held in a straitjacket over state aid, unlike the rest of the UK”. Johnson said the law would protect jobs and growth – and that it was a “massive act of evolution” that would constitute a “very substantial transfer of power and sovereignty” in Scotland and Wales. . . .