2. States Parties are inspired by the principle of cooperation and mutual assistance in all their activities related to the research and use of the Moon. International cooperation in the implementation of this agreement should be as broad as possible and can be done on a multilateral, bilateral or through international intergovernmental organizations. All activities on the Moon, including its exploration and use, are conducted in accordance with international law, in particular the Charter of the United Nations, and in light of the Declaration on the Principles of International Law governing friendly relations and cooperation between States, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, adopted by the General Assembly on 24 October 1970. , in the interest of maintaining international peace and security and promoting international cooperation and mutual understanding, and taking due account of the corresponding interests of all other States Parties. Given the benefits that may flow from the exploitation of the natural resources of the Moon and other celestial bodies, 3. Neither the surface, nor the basement of the Moon, nor any part of it, nor any natural resource on site can become the property of a state, an international intergovernmental or non-governmental organization, a national organization or a non-governmental organization or a natural person. The placement of personnel, space vehicles, equipment, facilities, stations and installations on or below the surface of the Moon, including structures related to its surface or basement, must not create a right of ownership on the surface or basement of the moon or its basement. The above provisions are without prejudice to the international regime covered in point 5 of this section. Given the need to define and develop the provisions of these international instruments concerning the Moon and other celestial bodies, given the progress made in the exploration and use of space, 2. The Moon is not subject to any national appropriation by a right to sovereignty, by use or occupation, or by any other means.
Reaffirming the importance of international cooperation in the exploration and peaceful uses of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, and the promotion of the rule of law in this human domain, the Lunar Agreement was signed in December 1979 at the initiative of the Soviet Union.