Despite regulatory changes over the past decade, systemic risks remain for the repo industry. The Fed continues to worry about a failure of a large repo distributor, which could stimulate a sale of fire under money market funds, which could then have a negative impact on the wider market. The future of the repo space may include continuous rules to limit the actions of these transactors, or even involve a transfer to a central clearing house system. However, for the time being, retirement operations remain an important means of facilitating short-term borrowing. Repo transactions are generally considered to be credit risk instruments. The biggest risk in a repo is that the seller may not maintain his end of contract by not buying back the securities he sold on the due date. In such situations, the buyer of the security right may then liquidate the security in an attempt to recover the money originally paid. However, there is an inherent risk that the value of the security may have fallen since the first sale and that, as a result, the buyer has no choice but either to hold the security that he never wanted to obtain in the long term or to sell it for a loss. On the other hand, this transaction also presents a risk for the borrower; if the value of the security exceeds the agreed terms, the creditor may not resell the security. Robinhood. “What are the legs near and far in a buyout contract?” Retrieved August 14, 2020. As part of a repo agreement, the Federal Reserve (Fed) buys U.S. Treasury bonds, securities from U.S.
authorities or mortgage securities from a primary trader who agrees to buy them back generally within one to seven days. An inverted repo is the opposite. Therefore, the Fed describes these transactions from the counterparty`s perspective and not from its own perspective. The main difference between a maturity and an open repo is the time between the sale and redemption of the securities. From the buyer`s point of view, a reverse repo is simply the same pension activity, not that of the seller. Therefore, the seller who carries out the transaction would qualify it as a “repo”, while in the same transaction, the buyer would qualify it as a “reverse repo”. “Repo” and “Reverse Repo” are therefore exactly the same type of transaction that is only described from opposite angles. The term “reverse repo et sale” is generally used to describe the creation of a short position in a debt instrument in which the buyer immediately sells on the open market the assets provided by the seller. On the date of execution of the repo, the buyer acquires the corresponding title on the open market and delivers it to the seller. In the case of a transaction of this type, the buyer expects the security in question to lose its value between the date of the repo and the date of settlement. As in many other corners of finance, pensions include terminology that is not common elsewhere.
One of the most common terms in the repo area is “leg”. There are different types of legs: for example, the part of the retirement transaction in which the security is originally sold is sometimes referred to as the “starting leg”, while the next redemption is the “narrow part”. These terms are sometimes exchanged as “near leg” or “distant leg”. . . .